What type of bike are you using?

What type of bike are you using

  • Single Speed

    Votes: 10 35.7%
  • Hardtail

    Votes: 3 10.7%
  • Full suspension

    Votes: 15 53.6%
  • Downhill

    Votes: 0 0.0%
  • Roadie

    Votes: 0 0.0%
  • Unicycle

    Votes: 0 0.0%

  • Total voters
    28

SpartaBard

Well-Known Member
Team MTBNJ Halter's
Just to get some conversations going about biking, lets see what people are riding these days as your regular bike.

Mine is an Epic.
 
Last edited:

anrothar

entirely thrilled
i'm riding a 29" wheeled single speed with a rigid everything, because it's like, better and stuff.:getsome:
 

Shaggz

A strong 7
Sparta Brad said:
Just to get some conversations going about biking, .
if that's your intention, don't let norm anywhere near this.

giant trance 4 in f/b with shiny new tires that haven't made it out of the garage yet.
 
Last edited:

Shaggz

A strong 7
Since you asked...

Avogadro - the man
Lorenzo Romano Amedeo Carlo Avogadro, conte di Quaregna e di Cerreto (1776 - 1856), was born in Turin, Italy, on 9th August, 1776. He was the son of Count Filippo Avogadro and Anna Maria Vercellone. His father was a distinguished lawyer and civil servant, becoming a senator of Piedmont in 1768, and was appointed advocate general to the senate of Vittorio Amedeo III in 1777. Under the French rule of 1799 he was made president of the senate.

Amedeo Avogadro went to school in Turin. Coming from a family of well established ecclesiastical lawyers, Avogadro was guided toward a legal career, and became a bachelor of jurisprudence in 1792, at the ripe old age of just 16 years. Four years later he gained his doctorate in ecclesiastical law and began to practice. In 1801 he was appointed secretary to the prefecture of the department of Eridano.

In spite of his successful legal career, Avogadro also showed an interest in natural philosophy, and in 1800 he began private studies of mathematics and physics. His first scientific research in 1803, undertaken jointly with his brother Felice, was on electricity.

In 1806, Avogadro was appointed demonstrator at the Academy of Turin, and in 1809 became professor of natural philosophy at the college of Vercelli. In 1820, when the very first chair of mathematical physics in Italy was established at the University of Turin, Avogadro was appointed. Unfortunately, his post was short lived, since political changes suppressed the chair and Avogadro was out of a job by July, 1822. The chair was eventually reestablished in 1832, and Avogadro was reappointed to the position in 1834. Here he remained until his retirement in 1850.

Avogadro had succeeded to his father's title in 1787. He married Felicita Mazzé, and they had a total of six children. Avogadro led an industrious life, and was a modest man, working in isolation. This probably contributed to his relative obscurity, particularly outside Italy. Avogadro died on the 9th July, 1856. He was described as religious, but not a bigot.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Avogadro - his contribution to chemistry
In order to understand the contribution that Avogadro made, we must consider some of the ideas being developed at this time. Chemistry was just beginning to become an exact science. The Law of Definite Proportions and the Law of Multiple Proportions were well accepted by 1808, at which time John Dalton published his New System of Chemical Philosophy.

Dalton proposed that the atoms of each element had a characteristic atomic weight, and that it was atoms that were the combining units in chemical reactions. Dalton had no method of measuring atomic weights unambiguously, so made the incorrect assumption that in the most common compound between two elements, there was one atom of each.

At around this time, Gay-Lussac was studying the chemical reactions of gases, and found that the ratios of volumes of the reacting gases were small integer numbers. This provided a more logical method of assigning atomic weights. Gay-Lussac did not carry through the full implications of his work. However, Dalton realised that a simple integral relation between volumes of reacting gases implied an equally simple relation between reacting particles. Dalton still equated particles with atoms, and could not accept how one particle of oxygen could yield two particles of water. This was a direct threat to the relatively new atomic theory, and therefore Dalton tried to discredit the work of Gay-Lussac.

In 1811, Avogadro published an article in Journal de physique that clearly drew the distinction between the molecule and the atom. He pointed out that Dalton had confused the concepts of atoms and molecules. The "atoms" of nitrogen and oxygen are in reality "molecules" containing two atoms each. Thus two molecules of hydrogen can combine with one molecule of oxygen to produce two molecules of water.

Avogadro suggested that

equal volumes of all gases at the same temperature and pressure contain the same number of molecules
which is now known as Avogadro's Principle.

The work of Avogadro was almost completely neglected until it was forcefully presented by Stanislao Cannizarro at the Karlsruhe Conference in 1860. He showed that Avogadro's Principle could be used to determine not only molar masses, but also, indirectly, atomic masses. The reason for the earlier neglect of Avogadro's work was probably the deeply rooted conviction that chemical combination occurred by virtue of an affinity between unlike elements. After the electrical discoveries of Galvani and Volta, this affinity was generally ascribed to the attraction between unlike charges. The idea that two identical atoms of hydrogen might combine into the compound molecular hydrogen was abhorrent to the chemical philosophy of the early nineteenth century.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Avogadro - his number
It was long after Avogadro that the idea of a mole was introduced. Since a molecular weight in grams (mole) of any substance contains the same number of molecules, then according to Avogadro's Principle, the molar volumes of all gases should be the same. The number of molecules in one mole is now called Avogadro's number. It must be emphasised that Avogadro, of course, had no knowledge of moles, or of the number that was to bear his name. Thus the number was never actually determined by Avogadro himself.

As we all know today, Avogadro's number is very large, the presently accepted value being 6.0221367 x 1023. The size of such a number is extremely difficult to comprehend. There are many awe-inspiring illustrations to help visualize the enormous size of this number. For example:



An Avogadro's number of standard soft drink cans would cover the surface of the earth to a depth of over 200 miles.
If you had Avogadro's number of unpopped popcorn kernels, and spread them across the United States of America, the country would be covered in popcorn to a depth of over 9 miles.
If we were able to count atoms at the rate of 10 million per second, it would take about 2 billion years to count the atoms in one mole.


Determination of the number
Cannizarro, around 1860, used Avogadro's ideas to obtain a set of atomic weights, based upon oxygen having an atomic weight of 16. In 1865, Loschmidt used a combination of liquid density, gaseous viscosity, and the kinetic theory of gases, to establish roughly the size of molecules, and hence the number of molecules in 1 cm3 of gas.

During the latter part of the nineteenth century, it was possible to obtain reasonable estimates for Avogadro's number from sedimentation measurements of colloidal particles. Into the twentieth century, then Mullikan's oil drop experiment gave much better values, and was used for many years.

A more modern method is to calculate the Avogadro number from the density of a crystal, the relative atomic mass, and the unit cell length, determined from x-ray methods. To be useful for this purpose, the crystal must be free of defects. Very accurate values of these quantities for silicon have been measured at the National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST).

To use this approach, it is necessary to have accurate values of atomic weights, often obtained by measuring the mass of atomic ions. For example, an ion trap, employing extremely uniform and stable magnetic and electric fields should allow such measurements to be made to better than 1 part in 1010. The relative atomic mass of silicon is particularly important, since silicon crystals are used in the x-ray methods mentioned above.

As a continuation of this approach, one of the 1999 NIST Precision Measurement Grants was awarded to David Pritchard, physics professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He will conduct cyclotron frequency measurements on ions that could achieve a 100-fold improvement in the accuracy of atomic mass measurements. MIT has developed the world's most accurate mass spectrometer capable of measuring the atomic mass of atoms to one part in 10 billion. Pritchard proposes to simultaneously measure the cyclotron frequencies of two different ions in order to improve the values of several fundamental constants, including Avogadro's number.

At the present time, information on Avogadro's number from many different experiments is pooled with other observations on other physical constants. A most probable and self-consistent set of physical constants that best fits all reliable data is then found by statistical methods.

The size of Avogadro's number is determined by our definition of the mole. What it does demonstrate is how small an atom or molecule is compared to the amounts of material we are familiar with in everyday life, since the definition of the mole involves amounts of material we are completely familiar with.
 

anrothar

entirely thrilled
that read like the following for me:

Shaggz said:
Avogadro - the man
Lorenzo Romano Amedeo Carlo Avogadro, conte di Quaregna e di Cerreto (1776 - 1856), was born in Turin, Italy, on 9th August, 1776. He was the son of Count Filippo Avogadro and Anna Maria Vercellone. His father was a distinguished lawyer and civil servant, becoming a senator of Piedmont in 1768, and was appointed advocate general to the senate of Vittorio Amedeo III in 1777. Under the French rule of 1799 he was made president of the senate.

Amedeo Avogadro went to school in Turin. Coming from a family of well established ecclesiastical lawyers, Avogadro was guided toward a legal career, and became a bachelor of jurisprudence in 1792, at the ripe old age of just 16 years. Four years later words his doctorate in ecclesiastical law and began to practice. In 1801 he was appointed secretary to the prefecture of the words Eridano.

In spite wordsl legal career, Avogadro words interest in natural philosophy, words words of mathematics and physics. His first scientific research in 1803, words words words Felice, words electricity.

In 1806, Avogadro words words words the Academy of Turin, words words became professor words words words words of Vercelli. In 1820, words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words.

Avogadro had succeeded to his father's title in 1787. words Felicita Mazzé, words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words not a bigot.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Avogadro - words words words.
words words words words words words words words. words words words words words. words words words words words words words words words words words words words words, words words words words words words words words words words.

words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words. words words words words words words, words words words. words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words, words words words words.

words words words , Gay-word words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words Gay-word words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words. words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words, Gay-word.

words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words.

words words words.

words words words words words words words words words words words words words
words words words words words.

words words words, words words words words words words words words words words words words words. words, words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words. words words, words words words words words words, words words words words words words words words words words words words words. words words words words words words words words words words words.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Avogadro - words
words words words words words words words words words words words words words. words words words words words words words words words words words words words, words words words words. words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words, words words words words words. words words words words words words words words words words words words words, words words words words words words words words words words words words.

words words words Avogadro's words is very large, words numbers. words words words words words words words. words words:



words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words, words words words words. words words words words words words words words words. words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words, words. words words words words words words words words words words words. words words words words words words words words words words words.


words words words.
words words words, words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words. words words words words, words words words words, words words. words words words words words words words words words words words words. words words words words words, words words words words words words words. words words words words gas.

words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words, words, words words words. words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words. words words words words words words words words words, words words words, words words. words words words words words words words words.

words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words. words words words words x-ray words. words, words words words words, words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words, words words. words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words. words words words words (words words).

words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words. words words words words, words words words words words. words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words. .words words, words words words words, words words words x-ray.

words words words, words words words words words words words words words words words words. words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words. words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words, words words words words. words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words. words words words words words.

words words words words words, words words words words. words words words words words words words words words words. words words words words words words words words, words words words. words words words words words words words words words.

The size of Avogadro's mole. words words words words words words words words words words words words words. words words words words words words words words words words, words words words words words words words words words words.
 

Norm

Mayor McCheese
Team MTBNJ Halter's
Shaggz said:
if that's your intention, don't let norm anywhere near this.
Oh as if...look who just derailed this thread!

Specialized Stumpjumper Comp FSR. And a Trek 2200 road bike and an old Trek 650 used as a trainer bike.
 

anrothar

entirely thrilled
singlespeeders are winning, but not speaking up, thereby making most of us silent but deadly.
 

ChrisG

Unapologetic Lifer for Rock and Roll
Oh yeah, my bikes.

MTB of choice this season has been single-speeded Bontrager Race Lite with Vicious Cycles steel fork.

Road bike for months of November, December, and January is LeMond Fillmore, fixed 42x16.

There are a couple more sitting in the basement, mostly gathering dust right now. And my CX is at Jason's shop, waiting to be reborn.
 

NJ Jess

Active Member
Toyota Taccoma

is what I'm chained to right now. Working! If I could ride, it would be my Titus Racer X,.....Awesome! I am building up a SS too, though! My "dark" days, I ride a trainer indoors, for base miles. So far, 30 miles. hummm Work really stinks!
 

Frank

Sasquatch
the list

In order of recent use:
1)Slightly modified 06 Redline Monocog 29er.My main ride lately,
2)03 Iron Horse SGS Expert 6" squishy. Last rode at Allamuchy.
3)97 Trek 930...slightly modified. Last rode:hmmm:
4)04 Iron Horse SHS DH Team...waiting for Diablo to open.:sleep:

But I can't say enough about the 29er. It's made me realize XC is fun again.:D
 

bonefishjake

Strong like bull, smart like tractor
Team MTBNJ Halter's
full squish and so far un-crackable fuel ex7. the 29er SS is still in the works and likely won't come near completion until feb/mar.
 

ArmyOfNone

Well-Known Member
Still a n00b at this game

When I first started riding in May, I bought a Giant Yukon. If i knew what i knew now, prolly would have saved a few more bucks and got something a bit better. However, its served its purpose. I have beaten to hell and upgraded the fork, r. derailleur and shifters.

Since then I have built up, a SS on a Cannondale CADD3 frame. Eno rear, truvativ hozfeller cranks, ultra headshock. Im runnin 32x18 for now. It seems to be working for me. I'm Not strong enough for anything harder. One day when i get up to those whose skills i drool over ill play with some different ratios. Anyhoo, I have had it for a month or so, i love it, and thats all i ride.

I also have a sweet Trek 550 series road bike that i take out when riding the trails is not favorable.

PS...Shaggz thank you for the education on Avogadro. You have left me dying to know more!
 

walter

Fourth Party
Haro mary for me, big wheels, ss, she hurts me everytime we are together. But I'm into that kind of stuff.

walter
 

xc62701

Well-Known Member
Where's the field for all of the above???

Current bikes in order of usage.

2004 Klein Palomino XV 3.5" front and rear
????(old) Lemond Reno Roadie
1999 Trek 8000 HT Converted to SS
2006 Fisher Ziggurat HT waiting for me at the LBS
Unicycle - sold in a garage sale...

Ryan H.
 

pjrohr

Member
Cannondale Rush built up this year w/o lefty(opted for Fox Vanilla 130R).

Based on everyone's chatter on SS, am thinking about converting my old Marin hardtail.
 

SpartaBard

Well-Known Member
Team MTBNJ Halter's
Really? No hardtails left out there? Maybe I should have broken down the single speed category a bit. Tie ball game so far...
 
Top